Root Planning – Causes, Procedure and Aftercare

Root planning is a dental procedure in which the root surface of teeth is smoothen and polished. Rough surface of teeth is the ideal breeding ground for the calculus and bacteria. In addition to smoothing, this process also scraps away any remnant of plaque and calculus left in these rough spots that could not be drained off properly during the process of tooth scaling.

Tooth scaling

What Simulates Root Planning

Gum diseases lead to root planning which is also termed as gingivitis/ Periodontal diseases. In simple terms gingivitis is a mild gum problem in which the gums bleed and it becomes inflamed. Periodontal disease is somewhat more severe, and in this condition bones holding your teeth are damaged. If you are suffering from gingivitis, your dentist may recommend to brush and floss properly every day at home, but if you’re a patient of Periodontics, the only remedy is root planning and scaling, which can be done to heal your gums and save your teeth without resorting to surgery.

Gum Diseases the Culprit

Gum diseases are irritating and painful and mostly lead to teeth loose. It’s also associated with a greater susceptibility of related health issues, as it invites bacteria into your body, resulting in inflammation. This situation triggers formation of a protein that promotes heart disease and stroke. The immune system of your body uses its potential to fight this inflammation, thus putting pressure on your immune system to keep you safe from disease.

What is Root Planning

If it is suggested by your dentist that you are suffering from periodontal issue, root planning is generally the first treatment that is recommended. It is non-surgical treatment. It may be painful for some, while for others it may be just somewhat discomforting. In this process the dentist would facilitate local anesthetic to desensitize your mouth prior to beginning the procedure as local anesthetic will help you remain unaware of the feeling of pain during the process. It will also make you feel some kind of pressure of the devices inside your mouth.

During scaling process your teeth are smoothened to ward of any bacteria to sink in. Earlier the treatment is done, the better it is.

Procedure of Root Planning

In case of slight gingivitis, root planning is generally done in a single appointment. In case of severe periodontal issue, more visits would be suggested. Your Periodontistwould scale a quarter of your mouth (teeth) on every visit.

During this process you may feel some serious discomfort often, especially if you have receding gums and it has exposed the sensitive root surface or if you are suffering from abrasions. Working on root parts of exposed dentin using dental devices can be very painful. To simmer down the discomfort, local anesthetic is applied to numb these parts for proper treatment.

First Phase

Root planning is usually done with a fusion of ultrasonic and hand held devices also termed as dental scalers. Various instruments are utilized for different teeth, and also for various surfaces of the same tooth. Initially, with the help of ultrasonic scalers the huge deposits of calculus and plaque are removed from the surface and roots of the teeth. These instruments are used by vibrating the tip of the instrument in a high frequency, coupled with a water irrigating system to wash away the debris and the water channel keeps cooling the treated area to avoid high temperature due to the instrument. These vibrations help removing the dental plaque and keeping the tooth’s surface intact.

Second Phase

In the second phase of cleaning another devices – hand dental scalers are brought to use for completing the teeth scaling by scraping off any left out calculus in the first phase of cleaning, particularly trapped between pockets of the tooth and gums under the gum line. This device is available in various sizes and shapes with balled or pointed tips.

Third Phase

In the last stage of cleaning, the dentist will perform the root planning of your irregular surfaces of your roots to offer a smooth surface to avoid accumulation of plaque. This stage is very vital in root planning process as it prevents recurring of the same problem in future.

A sleek clean root is instrumental in offering a healthy environment allowing the gums to recuperate completely and snug with the tooth. It also creates small pocket, thus avoid offering any hiding place for bacteria and causing further disease.

Root Planning and Scaling Aftercare

In root planning you can go home for rest once the entire process is complete and you do not need to stay in the hospital. Albeit, it is not a surgery, still you would be advised by the dentist to take extra care of your teeth and gums after the root scaling to help your gums and teeth heal faster.

As your dentist administered anesthetic, it is a necessary stop chewing as you may bite your lips of tongue without knowing, being under influence of anesthesia. You may also be suggested by your dentist to take some over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, to help discomfort from pain and swelling. You may be asked to visit your physician in some interval of time to get the antibiotic fibers taken off from your gums, if it has been administered in the procedures.

Right oral hygiene stimulates the healing process which includes brushing, flossing, and using a mouthwash to ward off the formation of plaque. Post procedure the process of brushing and flossing is more painful, you can use toothpaste specifically meant for sensitive teeth.

Root planning is one of the major dental treatment and procedure that is performed on those individuals who have severe periodontal disease! Your mouth is considered as the doorway to your body and if the gateway is weak a great health can never be achieved. Irrespective of your age, paying good attention to your dental health will not only keep you healthy but will also add to the overall health of your body giving you long life! So, take good care of dental health!

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Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.