Tooth Scaling – Why, How and When?

Dental health constitutes a prominent place in our overall general health. Irrespective of your age, healthy teeth should be your possession. Accurate dental hygiene can help keeping your teeth in right shape, size and great health for a lifetime. One such procedure for maintaining a great dental health is scaling, which keeps your gums firm and fit. In this process the infected deposits i.e. calculus, plaque, and stains are discarded from the tooth surfaces. This branch of medical science is also medically termed as Periodontics. Such dental condition, if not treated on time, can lead to infection and feeble gums and also pyorrhoea and loss of tooth. The remedy to this condition is scaling, which is a routine and safe process without causing any damage to the surface of your tooth.

Tooth ScalingWhy Scaling is Done

Regular cleaning of teeth by your dentist is necessary to getting rid of calculus and tartar, which is often formed even if you are religiously brushing and flossing your teeth. This would require some professional interference for teeth cleaning i.e. scaling and polishing. Scaling is a widely acclaimed non-surgical procedure to remove infected deposits from the surface of your teeth. In case the plaque is left on the teeth it leads to periodontal disease. In this disease the pocket between the gum and tooth becomes deeper. Such situation is the breeding ground for anaerobic bacteria and bacteria begin to grow quickly, harm more gums and begin assimilating the bones, supporting tooth. This loosens the tooth gradually. Saving such tooth becomes more complicated at advanced state. Surgery is performed on the gums to form healthy tissues around the tooth.

Procedure of Scaling

The periodontist facilitates specialized devices to gently and painlessly remove this debris without harming your teeth. The most popular and widely used instruments during the cleaning process are discussed below:

Ultrasonic Instrument

Initially an ultrasonic device is used to make bigger chunks of tartar loose. In this process spraying of a cooling mist of water is also done to drain away debris and maintain the right temperature of the mouth and teeth. This instrument emits a humming or often whistling sound of high pitch.

The tip of this instrument is curved and rounded too and is constantly moving on and around the teeth. It is advisable to indicate your dentist if the sensations are unbearable to allow them to adjust with the setting appropriately.

Fine Hand Devices

After the larger chunks or plaque is broken, your periodontist will switch to more delicate and smaller hand tools often known as curette and scalers, in medical parlance, to sweep off the remaining deposits and smoothen the surfaces of your teeth. These are curved devices to match with the curves of your teeth. Using these devices tiny tartar debris is removed by minutely scraping it off applying gentle pressure.


After getting rid of all the plaque of your teeth the surfaces of teeth now need some smoothening and polishing. This is done using a mild speed hand piece having a soft rubber cup spinning on the end. Prophylaxis paste, special slightly coarse toothpaste, is scooped up into the rubber cup and applied on the teeth giving them a shiny smooth appearance.


Your dentist often also administers fluoride paste on your teeth. It is the final phase of the dental cleaning process. This paste comes in multiple flavors like mint, strawberry, chocolate, cherry, watermelon, Pina colada, which can be fused and matched with different flavor to offer a great taste! This fluoride treatment is used only on the surfaces of your teeth and it should not be swallowed in excess or else it may lead to stomach ache as it is only for treatment purpose.

Fluoride gel or foam is put into small and flexible trays and kept over the teeth for nearly 30 seconds for best results. After this, you would be asked to spit as much fluoride out as you can. This last process of fluoride helps to consolidate the teeth as the acids from dental tartar and plaque must have harmed the tooth surfaces. It is suggested not to eat or drink anything for 30 minutes to help work the fluoride to its optimum on your teeth, yielding better results.

Is it Painful

For majority of people cleaning process of teeth is painless, except some sensations experienced while removing the plaque from the teeth and some feeling of pressure while going through the scraping process. But all these do not cause any such discomfort that is unbearable. The after effects are awesome for a lot of people as they enjoy cleanings and the smooth feeling of their teeth after this clearing process. Some might feel some unusual zingy sensations, but for many these lasts only for a nanosecond.

It is always advisable to let your dentist be informed if any of the process is causing any severe discomfort to you. There are several options available to opt for more enjoyable options.

The Recommended Frequency of Scaling Process

As plaque building is a continuous process, if it is not discarded by brushing within 10-14 hours it may lead to forming of plaque. Under these circumstance frequent periodic scaling becomes necessary and the ideal frequency could be 6 months. The thumb rule indicates that you should have a routine dental check up at an interval of every 6 months. This will enable your dentist to suggest if you require scaling or not. In addition, you can also get correct suggestions the way you should clear your teeth at home. Scaling does not weaken your teeth but protect your gums from diseases, which may lead to bleeding gums and if untreated, may also result in some more severe and extensive gum troubles.

Looking for a licensed Periodontist in Melbourne? Visit Monash Dental Group, We have experience dentist practicing various periodontal disease treatment in Melbourne for the last 20 years.

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(03) 9544 8241

Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.