Your Guide on Mouthwash – Types, Materials Used, and Possible Side- Effects

Along with brushing your teeth twice in a day and flossing, mouthwash has become an important part of good oral habits. Rinsing your mouth after every meal or brushing twice a day can protect your teeth and gums against bacteria, responsible for cavity, plaque, gingivitis, and tooth decay. Moreover, mouthwash works against bad breath, and makes you worry free, while communicating with people around you.

If you aren’t aware of the benefits of mouthwash. Read on!!! It is a liquid used for rinsing the mouth, for a better oral health. It contains substances that offers stronger protection to gums and teeth. Its use is multifarious and thus used teeth brightening, eradicating bad breath, and preventing oral diseases, which alone a simple mouth rinse with water cannot help. It also helps in removing debris or food stuck in between the teeth, from the corners or the rears of the teeth, which can’t be simply removed by flossing.

Before including a mouthwash into your daily schedule, you must be aware of the different types of liquids that exist, and their ingredients, for selecting the best one.


Mouthwash Ingredients:

The ingredients of a mouthwash vary as per its type, hence, some common elements can be found as below.

Water: It is a highly essential element used for rinsing your mouth, with some added preservatives for a better impact.

Flavoring & color: flavoring ingredients add unique taste and fragrance to the mouthwash. Mint is common and necessary in all flavors. Color is added to change the natural tinge of the liquid.

Fluoride: Fluoride is the main element which provides protection against bacteria. It is generously used in all general dental care products like toothpaste, mouthwash, teeth whitening gel, and sugar free gums. The percentage of fluoride may vary from one brand to another, and you should check it, prior making a purchase. If your dentist has advised to take fluoride externally, you should add a fluoride based mouthwash for your daily oral care needs.. However, it is important to note that a high level consumption of of fluoride can cause-side effects.

Calcium: Needs no further explanation, it helps to make teeth and jawbone stronger.

Baking Soda: Baking soda helps to brighten the teeth. Mixing it with toothpaste is a popular concept for teeth whitening at homes.

Essential Oil: Many dental studies have proved that essential oils help to maintain a good oral hygiene and fights against bacteria. Mouthwash with an essential oil seems to be more powerful than without.

Antiseptics: People suffering from gum diseases, bad breath, and oral diseases, find antiseptics relieving. To enhance the antibacterial property of the product, extra ingredients is added.

How to Properly Use a Mouth Wash?

After brushing, measure a small amount of mouthwash, with the help of the bottle’s cap provided. Drink it, don’t swallow it, and swivel it in your mouth for a few seconds before you spit it out. Ensure that you keep the mouth wash, away from your children’s reach. If they use it, it should be done under your supervision, so that they don’t swallow the liquid. A mouth wash liquid is immensely helpful for cleaning every corner of the mouth, where it is hard to clean with a toothbrush.

Types of Mouthwash:

Antiseptic Mouthwash: As described before, an antiseptic mouth wash is good for people with an extra sensitive condition like a r gum disease, a tooth decay or other kinds of oral infections.. They can use it daily, after brushing their teeth. An antiseptic mouthwash contains antiseptic agents like chlorhexidine and gluconate, which are also responsible for discoloration. So, it is recommended to take advice from your dentist on using it frequently.

Cosmetic Mouthwash: Teeth whitening agents are infused in this mouthwash in a higher degree. Flavours are added to improve its ability.

Fluoride Mouthwash: A fluoride-based mouthwash contains a good amount of fluoride to protect against tooth decay or diseases caused by bacterial acid. However, an excessive amount of fluoride, isn’t good. Thus, you should consult your dentist for its precise use, per your oral condition, and follow directions as listed on the bottle..

Natural or Herbal Mouthwash: Alcohol and fluoride free, herbal ingredients are used in this type of mouthwash. Good for people who are sensitive to chemical mouthwash.

Precautions and Elementary Care:

A normal use of mouthwash is good for oral health, but its excessive use can cause side-effects. Listed below are some of health troubles you may face, if mouthwash is not handled with care.

  • Based on a recent research, the use of a mouthwash can increase the risk of oral cancer. Usually children swallow toothpaste or mouthwash. It can lead to vomiting and diarrhea. As explained before, drinking fluoride based liquid can cause Fluorosis.
  • Sometimes, a burning sensation is felt in the mouth after rinsing. If you encounter such an experience, immediately change your mouthwash or consult your dentist for its evaluation.
  • Certain mouthwashes contain alcohol as an ingredient. Using it, long-term, can easily stain your teeth, just like alcohol consumption, itself.
  • People suffering from digestive disorders, may feel irritation in their mouths, while using a mouthwash. In this case, it is always good to use a herbal mouthwash instead of an acidic based.

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Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.