How To Prevent Tooth Decay ?

Tooth decay damages the structure of the tooth. It is also known as dental caries. It is a preventive disease. After eating or drinking, the germs also called plaque in the mouth turns food into acid. This acid over the time destructs tooth surface and creates cavities. If tooth decay left untreated for long times, it causes pain and infection that might affect growth of children. With severe tooth decay, a child may suffer from problem of speech or a jaw development. It may also affect other baby teeth and adult teeth. For preventive dental care, one should aware about some useful information that helps in preventing tooth decay.

Prevention from Tooth decay

Symptoms of Tooth Decay

When tooth decay starts developing, the upper incisors develop a white, dull band with the gum line. Gum line is the place at the tooth base near the gum. On the teeth, brown spots also start appearing and the gums become swollen and red. In advanced stages, tooth decay cause teeth blackened on the upward area with red and swollen gums.

Good Habits to Prevent Tooth Decay

Brushing – Brush your teeth twice in a day. Clean your mouth properly after eating or drinking. Use fluoride-containing toothpaste. Use Interdental cleaner or floss to clean your teeth. If you can’t brush after every meal or eating, just rinse your mouth properly with water. Make regular dental checkups and tooth cleaning by dentist prevents from tooth decay.

Flossing – In oral hygiene, flossing is an essential part. It helps in removing food particles and plaque between the teeth and at the gum line which may not possible to remove by brushing. As it becomes difficult to brush properly at every corner of your mouth and therefore, flossing teeth once in a day keeps your teeth clean.

Mouthwash – Fluoride containing mouthwash helps to prevent tooth caries. Do not use mouthwash immediately after brushing. Instead of that, do it after lunch and dinner. It should be advised not to drink or eat anything at least for a half an hour after use of fluoride mouthwash.

Keep Watch on Sugar Consumption – When you go to the shopping mall to buy any food items, prefer to buy products that indicate a low amount of sugar with green color. Low in sugar indicates 5g or less sugar for each 100g product.

Chew Sugar-free Gum – After eating, chew sugar-free gum helps to prevent tooth decay. Mouth produces saliva when you chew gum that helps in neutralizes the acid in the mouth before it start damaging your teeth.

Dental Sealants – It is a protective plastic coating to be applied on the back teeth’s chewing surface useful for adults and children. It protects tooth enamel from acid and plaque. It lasts up to 10 years and need a regular check-up. It is a good option to protect children from tooth decay.

Tooth-healthy Diet

  • Some good options of tooth-healthy drinks and snacks are fruits, vegetables, unsweetened tea or coffee, and foods with unrefined carbohydrates such as rice, brown bread, eggs, leafy green vegetables, pasta, potatoes, etc. For food having unrefined carbohydrates become difficult for bacteria to break it down in the form of acid.
  • Fiber foods help in keeps flowing saliva that creates mineral protection against tooth caries. Some high fiber food sources are dried fruits includes raisins, figs, dates and fresh fruits such as apple, orange, banana, etc. Veggies like peas, Brussels sprouts, beans, bran and almond.
  • Calcium is an important ingredient for healthy tooth for growing children. Dairy items such as cheese, milk, and yogurt are great source of calcium. Prefer low-fat yogurt and skim milk. Some other sources are leafy greens like broccoli, almonds, dried beans, nuts, and canned fish having bones.
  • To keep gums healthy, good source of iron and B vitamins are essential which is available in good source of whole grains. It also consists magnesium which is necessary for teeth and bones. Moreover, you will get a higher amount of fiber from whole grains. Some great sources of whole grains are brown rice, bran, pasta, whole-grain cereals, etc.

Things to Avoid

  • Do not eat or drink [other than water] frequently.
  • Avoid eating sugary foods or drinks, candy, chocolate, cakes, processed grain or flour products, foods with artificial ingredients or color. Also try to avoid taking sweet foods or drinks before going to bed.
  • Do not give fruit juice more than one cup (120 -180 ml) to children in age group of 1-6 years.
  • Avoid bottle feeding to your baby after one year. Also do not give your child liquids such as juice, sugar water, or soft drinks in the bottle.
  • Do not share food or utensil or brush with others as it transforms bacteria.
  • Ask the doctor to prescribe medicine in sugar-free form.

Preventive dentistry helps people to protect from dental problems. Your little efforts towards preventive oral care lead you towards healthy living. Hence, follow regular dental checkups for your precious smile.

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Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.