Endodontic Treatment Process

Endodontic treatment is more prominently called as root canal, which is performed when the nerve of a tooth gets infected and the patient wishes to keep the tooth. If the root canal is not preformed, dentists would have to remove the teeth with infected nerve systems. Just to save an infected teeth, root canal is conducted to preserve the tooth structure. In addition, as endodontic therapy retains the natural tooth, no artificial tooth is required.

In this piece of post, we would have a sneak peek into the procedure followed to perform this endodontic treatment:

Endodontic Treatment

1st Phase – Placement of Rubber Dam

After applying some local anesthesia, your tooth will be “isolated” by placing a rubber dam, which is a thin sheet of latex of 6″ x 6″.

Now the dentist will create a hole in the center of the sheet. The same sheet with the hole will be kept over your tooth and a metal clamp is positioned to fix the dam in place.

Now the tooth can be cleaned and dried up without creating any saliva. This is necessary to make that specific tooth saliva free by performing this procedure as the saliva contains bacteria and some other waste so a rubber dam is placed to work as a barrier keeping the tooth saliva free.

2nd Phase – Forming Access Cavity

To proceed with the surgery, the dentist will create an access to its actual problem area, which is called forming an “access cavity.”

For this a dental drill is used to create a hole leading to the root of your pulp chamber. Through this the dentist will wash out the tooth decay or any fragile tooth pieces present there.

3rd Phase – Ascertaining the Tooth Length

Your dentist will now have to measure your tooth length to work within the given length. This can be done either by radiographic measurements or electronic measurements.

4th Phase – Cleaning and Defining the Tooth’s Root Canals

For cleaning purpose the dentist uses files to clean and shape your tooth. These are tapered straight pins that are moved up and down, following a twisting motion, in tooth’s root canals.

These motions scrape, scrub, and shave the corners of the canals, thus draining out the debris and shaping them.

During this process tooth irrigation is also done occasionally to flush out the debris from your tooth. This washes away the collected contaminants and any other debris.

5th Step – Sealing of Tooth

After the internal parts of the tooth has been completely cleansed and shaped, now it is time to seal the root that has been hollowed after flushing out the contaminants. The dentist would either fill the tooth temporary or fill it permanently immediately. It depends on the specific requirement.

Types of Root Canal Filling Material

Gutta percha is the most frequently used root canal filling substance, relied upon by the majority of Endodontists. It is available in preformed cones having the matching dimensions with the files that are used to define the tooth’s canals.

6th Phase – Placement of Gutta Percha

Now the separate cones of gutta percha are put inside the tooth to seal the hollow parts of the tooth that has been drained out.

Sealer is a constituent of this process which is combined with every gutta percha cone to place it into the canal, or otherwise it can also be applied directly inside the root canal prior to the insertion of the cone. In this process several separate cones can be required to completely fill up the interior parts of the tooth.

For this process of filling, the dentist will make the gutta percha soft by using a hot instrument to it. Now it is ready to be packed down, so that it can closely take the shape of the tooth’s interior parts.

Creating a Temporary Filling

After your dentist has completed the process of sealing of your tooth, they will put a kind of temporary filling. This will pack the cavity access created, when the entire process of treatment has begun, to protect the root canal procedures.

Now, the root canal process has come to an end, but your tooth is still in need of some extra attention. At this point, a permanent restoration is yet to be placed.

You must choose the most suitable dental restoration to consolidate your tooth that has undergone root canal process. It will ensure the long-term establishment of your tooth’s Endodontic treatment.


This is the phase wise procedure that a dentist follows while performing a root canal procedure. If you are expected to undergo this process, rest assure that you actually require a root canal and don’t forget to choose the most professional and experienced dentist to perform this process as it requires good expertise and experience! Rest assured it’s not hurting as most of us believe!

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Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.