Orthodontics for Kids – What Parents Should Know?

Now a days it is a general feature to see school kids sporting braces, as some orthodontic treatments may start at a young age. Over the time with new technologies and treatment strategies are making braces perform more proficiently while offering the patient increased options how they look during treatment.

Orthodontic Braces for KidsThere are some basic orthodontic aspects for kids that every parent should aware of:

When Should Your Kid be Examined?

As per the Australian association of orthodontists the ideal first orthodontic screening age is 7 for the kids, when their permanent upper teeth are taking root. It is just for evaluation and understanding the way kid’s teeth are forming and affecting their smile or growth not necessary for treatment.

When Your Child Need Braces?

If there is some unusual development in your child’s mouth, like severe overcrowding or overbitting, it’s time to visit your Family Orthodontics and listen to the advice. Your orthodontists may take photographs and explain you the actual condition and any precautions.

What Braces Do?

Braces are bonded to the teeth to create mild pressure on the teeth to gradually shift them to a right position that can improve the appearance and function of the teeth.

Why Kids Wear Braces So Early?

This trend of ‘orthodontics for kids’ started some 15-20 years earlier when it was assumed that early bracing would help in some particular cases. For instance, problem of thumb sucking can be a major functional problem affecting the development of permanent teeth or often the bone structure. Albeit, some treatments start early, but the estimated age of treatment is widely considered to be 12.

What is a Two-Step Treatment Plan?

In the initial stage of treatment, when treatment for kids becomes necessary at an early age in some cases, braces are bonded with the teeth to correct the shape and position of the lower and upper teeth to align the teeth to have room to fit properly in the mouth. After some time the braces are removed and there is a gap of several months to many years also to start the second phase. It is the second phase of braces that is done to completely align and place the teeth in proper place.

Changing Face of Braces

Today, replacing the metal bands that cover each tooth, orthodontists are coupled with several optional tools and devices to select from. The widely used and most cost effective are metal brackets attached to the teeth. Wires going through each bracket are kept in place by small round rubber bands that put mild pressure to shift the teeth. These bands can be personalized with colored rubber bands or metal brackets manifesting the shape of football, heart and flowers to give an aesthetic look to the kids.

In addition, there are many expensive options too that can be chosen given the requirement of the patient. Tooth-colored ceramic brackets, self-ligating braces are the latest other options. Lingual braces are fixed behind the teeth and clear aligners i.e. Invisalign is in the shape of trays that are worn over the teeth.

Risks of Remaining Untreated

If the teeth of your kids are actually crooked, it would be tough to clean and maintain the hygiene, ultimately influencing the durability and strength of the teeth. This may lead to discomfort in chewing food or it may put the child at risk for some kind of jaw issues.

How Long Treatment Continues?

It may last for almost two years. If you’re not complying with the guidelines it may take longer to yield desired results. If your kid is facing any orthodontic problem waiting may close the avenues of opportunity of getting it treated at an early age and it may cause more complications at an advanced stage.

Checkups Matter

In any case if your child has been advised to wear a retainer, braces or any other orthodontic appliance, he or she must visit the orthodontist every eight weeks to adjust the device. It is necessary to visit frequently as suggested by the orthodontist or else the entire effort will do in vain.

Hygiene Issues Associated with kids Braces

Make sure your child cleans the brace and teeth regularly and property to ward off any cavities as it me begin to form over the braces which may start building white, brown or yellow marks on the teeth surface once the braces are off.

Are Braces Painful for Kids?

Notwithstanding, braces are mostly nor painful, as they keep shifting the teeth position of your kid’s teeth, they may feel slight pain and sore mouth during their initial days. They may feel a mild headache but it all will subside after 4-5 days.

Being experts in Children Dentistry, Dr. Arthur Batzios and Dr. Adel Zayed have years of experience practicing various treatments including orthodontics, Endodontics and preventive dentistry for kids. Orthodontics is one of the most common problems in kids and for avoiding major issues later, it is recommended to have a check up of your kids at an earlier age for maximum impact of orthodontic treatment.

Book an Appointment

Please feel free to ring us at
(03) 9544 8241

Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.