Dental Braces 101: All You Need To Know About Braces

During our consultation with patients who need braces, we have discovered many doubts and myths, which patients have about braces. The below post will highlight important questions and its answers, with the purpose of equipping you with improved and precise sknowledge about braces.

Orthodontic Braces

What is the right age for children to visit an Orthodontist?

At the age of 7 or 9 years, when all permanent teeth have evolved, parents must consult an Orthodontist for proper evaluation and growth of the jaw structure, and for an orthodontic treatment, if needed. At this age, it is easier to correct any orthodontic flaw within a short time period as compared to adulthood.

What are the symptoms that indicate the need of braces?

  • Gaps between the teeth
  • Over bite, under bite, cross bite, multiple crocked teeth
  • Mis-aligned teeth
  • Overlapping teeth

Is it necessary to consult an Orthodontist only?

Special care or treatment needs to be adopted as per the condition of the patient. Sometimes, general dentists aren’t aware of or haven’t utilized the latest solution and methods available for a short and painless treatment. Orthodontists are expert in diagnosis of teeth position, and the types of braces you require. According to your need, they suggest a treatment which improves your facial appearance, in the minimum possible time frame.

For first diagnosis, you may consult your family dentist, but for precise treatment, we recommend the precise care of a seasoned Orthodontist..

What are the alternatives for metal braces and which kind of braces is best for me?

  • Ceramic braces
  • Invisalign or clear braces
  • Lingual braces

Above three are widely used alternatives of metal braces, as they are less visible. Selection of a specific brace, solely depends on your condition. Each has its own pros and cons, but your dentist evaluates your needs to suggest the best pair of braces.

How long I will need to wear braces?

Depending on your condition, the treatment can last from 6 to 18 months, and may even last longer in some cases. As per the brace type, the time of the treatment also varies.
Metal braces are highly effective and require lesser time as compared to other braces. On the other hand, Invisalign requires more time, as they are removable, one needs to wear it for 20-22 hours in a day.

How many appointments are required for braces installation?

Generally, under normal conditions, brace installation can be accomplished in 2 to 3 appointments.

Basic diagnosis and analysis is done in the first appointment, while installation is done at the second appointment. During the first appointment, your dentist will explain your condition, the solution, and the cost.

Before applying braces, your dentist may adopt teeth cleaning, or a tooth extraction, the worst case scenario, which may demand an extra appointment.

If you opt for Invisalign, you need to get a custom-made plastic aligner. Subsequently, the time between first appointment and final set up may delay.

Special care after having braces?

  • You need to take extra care for cleaning your teeth and must ensure that any food particle does not remain in between the teeth or the corner of the brackets. Brushing and flossing twice will solve the issue.
  • You need to avoid hard foods and sugary drinks. Sugary food invites bacteria that may lead to tooth decay, now who wants a tooth decay?
  • If possible, you also need to schedule a visit with your family dentist to ensure good oral hygiene with braces.
  • You also need to take care that your braces aren’t hit directly with hard surface which may break the braces, band the wire and impact the placement of bonding.

What if braces make me uncomfortable chewing or speaking?

In the first few days, feeling of discomfort is quite normal, but you will get used to braces with time.. In certain cases, due to an inappropriate bonding or due to the position of the brackets, discomfort grows, which requires immediate consultation with your dentist for a check- up. In case of lingual braces, which fit underneath the teeth, at the back side, you have to control the movement of the tongue or continuous touch with wire can cause more discomfort or harm.

Should I go for dental implants or braces in case of a missing tooth?

A dental implant is placed in the jaw bone and can’t be shifted or moved. Due to a missing tooth or a gap, the surrounding teeth may start to move from their position and don’t leave enough space for the implant. In this circumstance, it is necessary to first take a treatment prescribed by your orthodontist, in order to move the teeth to its proper place, and then perform the dental implant.

If orthodontic treatment needs to be applied only on the frontal teeth, then performing a dental implant seems to be fine on the rear side of the jaw. In most cases, a dentist recommends braces initially, followed by an implant.

What about a cracked tooth and a tooth subjected to root canal treatment?

Cracked tooth must be covered with a dental crown for its further protection. If you have replaced the crown recently, you must inform your dentist about it, before he/she places brackets on your teeth. As it is just a crown, it will move just like natural teeth and won’t cause any trouble.

If your tooth with root canal isn’t covered with a cap, after diagnosis, your dentist may suggest an artificial crown, for protection of that tooth.

It is always good to discuss past dental history and treatments, during your appointment with an orthodontist.

What is the cost of the treatment?

Normally, the cost depends on factors like, complexity, methods, estimated time of treatments and types of braces require. So, the cost of orthodontic treatments varies from one patient to another.

Should I need to wear a retainer?

After completing the treatment, for a few months, it is recommended wearing a retainer, but it isn’t necessary to wear it unless any of your teeth is broken and creates an extra gap.

Have we missed anything? Why don’t you ask directly to our Orthodontist at Monash Dental Group? Let us know your doubts or enquiries and our proficient dentists will resolve them with tailo-made solutions.

Book an Appointment

Please feel free to ring us at
(03) 9544 8241

Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.

Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam


  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings


  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.


  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.