Alveoloplasty – Need, Procedure & Associated Risks

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Alveoplasty is an oral dental surgery performed to polish the jawbone. This surgery is performed on those parts of mouth from where teeth have been extracted or lost. Albeit, alveoplasty can be conducted solo but mostly it is performed during the tooth extraction. It is mostly done by oral dental surgeons usually albeit some dentists also are capable of performing this surgery.

Why Use Alveoplasty?

A socket is left behind when teeth are removed from the jawbone. It will leave high and low points in the bones of your mouth even if the gums have healed completely. It may create problem in denture fitting.

Just to make the surface of jaw smooth and fine to accept any type of dental procedure alveoloplasty is done. This process is done to smooth the lumps in the jaw bone, taper the ridge of the jaw, or flatten the ridge of the jaw.

This surgery is mostly performed only when more than one tooth is removed. The socket created by one tooth often fills without any surgery.

In addition to smoothening the jawbone, alveoplsty can also expedite the recuperation proves after multiple teeth removal. The gums are stitched over the hole in alveoplasty, which expedites the healing process.

Quick healing is necessary for people having cancer. They get radiation therapy on various parts of their body and may require tooth extraction. Under these circumstances radiation dries up the saliva thus reducing blood flow to the jaw. It may increase the possibility of tooth decay. Radiation cannot be performed until the sockets have healed completely.

Alveoplasty Preparations

It differs from individual to individual. Some individual may require rinsing with mouthwash before surgery or may be suggested to take antibiotics and pain drugs too. Dental surgeons may plan out a schedule for patients of their jaw just to help them know from where to discard the bone and the quantity of the bone. Your dentist may take your teeth and jaw impression to create a cast. It loss just like a denture although it’s of clear material, and work like a guide to the surgeon.

Process of Alveoplasty

Alveoplasty is done in your dental surgeon’s office after applying local anesthesia on you or an intravenous sedation may also be used with local anesthesia. If you would require general anesthesia the surgery may be performed at the hospital. If you are going to extract your teeth too then removal process would be performed first followed by alveoplasty.

Dentist will create an incision within the gum cells to get access to the bone. For this a rotary drill is used to discard necessary bone and after this a filler to facilitated to smoothen it. Once the bone has been polished, your surgeon will clean the area to remove bone particles and other debris from there. If a cast is required then your dental surgeon will put the gum cells over the bone and place the stent above it. As the cast is similar to denture in shape, it will help the surgeon to ascertain if the right quantity of bone has been removed. In case the cast is misfit then the more bone will be discarded till the cast fits appropriately. After this process the gum tissue will be replaced and finally the incision will be stitched closed.

Post Surgery Precautions

Once this surgery is performed, the affected area will remain sore for a week. In the initial few days, you should rely on painkillers. Once this stage is crossed you can switch over to counter drugs. At the initial stage you can apply ice packs on your face to get relief from swelling and pain.

Your dentist would prescribe antibiotics to ward off infection in the operated area, particularly if you are old and have removed more than one tooth. You may also be advised to use an antibacterial rinse to clean your mouth to be on the safe side. A saline solution would also be recommended for cleaning your mouth.

You would be asked to stay on soft foods and avoid hot foods until your stitches have completely healed. You should also stay away from using straw for drinking purposes as it may stimulate bleeding. After one of two week, your physician would examine your dental status to monitor the recuperation process and to ensure that there are no traces of any infection.

Risks Associated with Alveoplasty

Some of the widely known risks that the procedure of alveoplasty can bring:

  • You may witness excessive bleeding, albeit it is a rare complication. The operated area will ooze blood in the initial 24 hours. It should gradually stop over time.
  • Risk of infection is quite normal as there is lots of bacteria within your mouth and cleaning is a bit tough for some initial days. To avoid this, dentist would prescribe antibiotics to prohibit infections.
  • It may happen that the stitches break loose leading to the opening of the wound. In this situation the operated bone would be exposed which would require immediate medical attention.
  • The nerve responsible for sensation to the chin and lips may be traumatized, although it is a rare complication, especially if this surgery is performed on your lower jaw. In case the nerves are hurt your chin and lip may become numb even the effect of local anesthetic subsides. Under these circumstances, it may take few months to recuperate completely as the nerves healing process is a bit slow.

When to Contact Dental Surgeon

If you have undergone this surgery, you can immediately call your surgeon if you are experiencing:

  • Continuous and excessive bleeding and catapulting swelling even after first day of surgery
  • Symptoms of infection i.e. fever, chills, inflammations
  • Weakening of the stitches along with an exposition of the associated bones

This oral surgery can provide your mouth and facial seizure with a new lease of life, the only motive of this post is to help you understand the actual process of the surgery and develop a sense of confidence if you ever happen to undergo this process. It will allow you to face the surgery with confidence.

Book an Appointment

Please feel free to ring us at
(03) 9544 8241

Dental Fillings

Why live with painful and unsightly cavities when you can have them filled by our dentists in a painless procedure!
In order to repair a cavity, the decayed portion of your tooth will be removed by your dentist. The portion of the tooth occupied by the decayed material will then be filled. Fillings are utilised to repair teeth that are broken, cracked, or that have cavities.

What Are The Steps For Filling Teeth?
Initially, a local anaesthetic will be injected into the area that surrounds the tooth. Novocaine is normally used. Then, a drill, laser, or air abrasion will be utilised to remove the area that is decayed. The type of instrument that is used will depend on the preference and training of your dentist, along with the extent and location of the tooth decay.

Your dentist will then test and probe the area of decay to ensure that all decayed material has been removed. After the removal of the decay, the space to be occupied by the filling will be cleaned so that all debris and bacteria are removed. If the area of the decay is close to the root, a liner constructed of a composite resin, glass ionomer or other type of material may be used in order to provide protection to the nerve. After the insertion of the filling, it will be finished and polished.

Additional steps are needed for fillings that are tooth-coloured. Subsequent to the removal of decay and cleaning of the area, the material that is tooth-coloured will be applied in layers. A specially designed light that hardens or cures each layer is used. After the completion of the multi-layering procedure, the composite material will be shaped by your dentist, excess material will be trimmed, and it will be polished.


Filling Materials Used
There are several types of filling materials that are currently available. Teeth may be filled with porcelain, gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-coloured composite resins. Silver amalgam is comprised of mercury with tin, silver, copper, and zinc mixed with it. The extent and location of the cavity, expense of filling material, insurance coverage of the patient, and the recommendation of the dentist will determine the kind of filling material that will best suit your needs

Gold Fillings
Pros

  • Extremely durable – will usually last for the life of the patient. Will not corrode.
  • Strength – Can withstand almost any chewing forces
  • Aesthetics – Some people prefer the look of gold to sliver amalgam

Cons

  • Expense – more costly than other types of material. Can be 10 X more costly than amalgam
  • Multiple Office Visits – requires a minimum of two visits
  • Aesthetics – some patients don’t like its appearance

Silver Amalgam Fillings
Pros

  • Durability – Normally lasts longer than composites. Normally lasts ten to fifteen years or more.
  • Strength – able to withstand all chewing forces
  • Expense – costs less than gold or composite fillings

Cons

  • Generally poor aesthetics – natural colour of teeth is not matched
  • Requires more space – A portion of the tooth that is healthy must be removed, at times, to provide a large enough area for the amalgam filling.
  • Discolouration – a hue that is greyish may be imparted to the adjacent tooth structure
  • Fractures and Cracks – All teeth expand and contract with temperature changes, which can cause cracking. However, amalgam materials may expand and contract to a greater extent than other materials, leading to an increased incidence of fractures and cracks.
  • Allergies – approximately 1% of patients have allergies to the mercury that is in silver amalgam

Composite Fillings – Tooth Coloured
Pros

  • Aesthetics – composites can be closely matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth. They are particularly useful for teeth that are visible
  • Bonding – composite fillings will bond chemically with a tooth and provide structural support to the tooth
  • Versatile – can also be utilised in the repair of broken, worn, or chipped teeth
  • Space requirement – at times less tooth material is needed to be removed in comparison to silver amalgam fillings when preparing a space for this filling.

Cons

  • Reduced durability – Composite fillings do not last as long as amalgams or gold. In addition, they often don’t hold up as well under the pressure of use, particularly if they are used to fill large cavities.
  • Takes Longer – due to the process needed to fill a tooth with composite materials, it takes longer in the dentists chair to place them.
  • More than one visit – if composites are being used for onlays or inlays, it may require more than one office visit
  • Chipping – composite materials are more likely to chip than amalgams
  • Cost – composite filling may cost twice as much as amalgam fillings

Additional Filling Materials
In addition to composite resins that are tooth coloured, there are two other types of tooth-coloured fillings. Glass ionomer and ceramics.

Glass Ionomer
This material is constructed of a specific type of glass and acrylic. It is commonly utilised on fillings that are beneath the gum line and for young children. This material releases fluoride, which may protect a tooth from additional decay. Nevertheless, glass ionomer is not as strong as composite resin and more prone to fracture and wear. It normally lasts for five years or less and the expense is similar to composites.

Ceramics
Usually constructed of porcelain. Ceramics are stain resistant, compared to composites, but are more abrasive. Ceramics are very durable, and usually last for 15 years or more, but, they are costly, and the expense can be similar to gold.

Porcelain Crown & Veneers

Rejuvenate Your Smile with Porcelain Crown and Veneers from Monash Dental Group
Remember; beautiful and aesthetically appealing cosmetic dentistry is not a matter of chance; it demands an experienced clinician who is sensitive to your unique needs and an expert dental ceramist who leverages the art and science of dentistry to deliver optimal results. At Monash Dental Group, we boast an expert team of experienced cosmetic dentists, who have extensive experience in fitting patients with porcelain veneers and crowns. Our first-class porcelain veneers and crowns are highly effective for your unique functional and cosmetic needs.

At Monash Dental Group, our products are expertly crafted to compliment your age, gender, expectations, and facial features. We leverage the expertise of the best dental ceramists to guarantee that the veneers and crowns are of premium quality, resilient, and possess excellent craftsmanship. We work diligently to provide you with a top-quality product that beautifully compliments your face, while simultaneously restoring the function and aesthetics of your natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers
Typically, porcelain veneers are a form of thin laminates of chinaware that are securely bonded to the surface of the tooth. For diverse dental problems, it is one of the most aesthetically appealing means of enhancing your smile. Veneers are one of the most popular treatments for restoration of chips, spaces, fractures, unshapely and discoloured teeth, or misaligned and rotated teeth. They deliver an unmatched cosmetic makeover that allows alteration of shape, position, size, and the colour of your teeth. Monash Dental Group boasts experienced cosmetic dentists who deliver exceptional results with porcelain veneers. We feature:

  • Dramatic yet aesthetically beautiful and natural cosmetic dental enhancement
  • Durable, high quality, and permanent
  • Enhanced self esteem

The procedure typically requires two appointments. At first, the tooth is prepared for minimal reduction to make enough space for the porcelain veneer. A mould of the tooth is taken for fabrication, which takes approximately 2 weeks. In the next visit, the permanent veneer is bonded in place.

Crowns
Crowns are a rigid and strong cap that restores the tooth to its natural function and anatomic contours, as well as protects the underlying tooth. In certain conditions, where veneers are not possible, crowns are a suitable option. Some of the scenarios in which crowns may be used include tooth fractures, large restorations, functionally compromised teeth, history of root canal therapy, and acute damage due to decay. There are a wide range of choices available in crowns and bridges.

Dental crown procedures take just two appointments, depending on the condition of your teeth and gums. First, the tooth is prepared for reduction and an impression is taken for fabrication. A temporary, plastic crown in fitted while the mould is being fabricated. In the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and the final crown is secured permanently into position. The fabrication procedure may take time depending on the type of crown.

Monash Dental Group is an expert in crowns and veneers, delivering matchless quality and desired results. The key benefits are:

  • Extensive protection and support to the compromised or damaged teeth
  • Natural and aesthetically enhanced appearance
  • Restoration of full functions and a confident smile

Contact the professionals at Monash Dental Group for more details on porcelain veneers and crowns. We guarantee excellent quality and fantastic results in a cost-effective manner.